Groundwater monitoring and groundwater data acquisition are pre-requisites for any effective management of groundwater resources, in terms of both the groundwater quality and the availability of the groundwater resource itself. Monitoring provides important information for a sustainable management that prevents irreversible damages and associated costs.
- Monitoring secures the effectiveness of management measures and as such avoids mitigation costs
- Monitoring provides income to the regulator as it provides the evidence for charges and penalties that are included in the regulations such as progressive rates for groundwater abstraction and penalties under the polluter-pays-principle
Complementary self-monitoring amongst water users helps reduce costs and also has the benefit of increasing stakeholder awareness and participation in groundwater management.