Close up of organic pepper plants and drip irrigation system in a greenhouse - selective focus

Groundwater services

Groundwater ecosystems provide essential services to humanity: they store and supply the majority of the water used for drinking and irrigation, they provide geothermal energy, and balance hydrological extremes by receiving surface water during floods and returning it to streams during droughts. 

There are four categories of services provided by groundwater ecosystems:

  • Provisional
  • Regulatory
  • Societal
  • Supporting